Saturday, December 5, 2009

Challenges facing the children of Bangladesh

Challenges facing the children of Bangladesh
Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of child-marriage in the world. 64 per cent of women (aged 20 to 24) were married before they turned 18.
13 per cent of children are involved in child labour. Child labourers are frequently denied an education and are vulnerable to violence and abuse.
Bangladesh has one of the lowest rates of birth registration in the world. This makes it difficult to protect children from trafficking, child labour and child marriage.
Only 47 per cent of enrolled primary school students complete primary school.
Many parents do play with their youngest children. They have little or no understanding of how play and other informal learning helps prepare children for school.
High drop-out rates and poor quality teaching and learning are serious problems for primary schools.
Only 36 per cent of boys and 41 per cent of girls attend secondary school.
Health and nutrition
Neonatal death and maternal mortality rates remain high, primarily because most deliveries take place at home without access to proper medical care.
Health facilities lack qualified staff and suffer from shortages of supplies.
Under-nutrition contributes to child mortality. 22 per cent of infants are born with low birth weight. Up to 46 per cent of children under-five are underweight.
Drowning and injury is the leading cause of death among children older than one year.
Major prevention efforts are needed to keep HIV prevalence rates low.

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